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Spanish Government doesn't respect Franco's victims

Josep Cruanyes's picture

76 years ago, in 1939, Franco’s troops occupied Catalonia and carried out a massive requisition of documents of the Catalan Government and Parliament, political parties, trade unions, civil society organisations and citizens. The goal was to obtain information about people’s names and ideologies in order to carry out the large-scale political repression that followed. It was an operation oriented and inspired by the Nazi regime’s policies.

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The importance of medieval Catalonia to contemporary culture

Karen Stöber's picture

In an edition of the journal Sàpiens, readers were asked to choose the twelve greatest heroes in Catalan history. Interestingly, no fewer than five of the elected were medieval men (and a woman), among whom Jaume I (d.1276) and Ermessenda, countess of Barcelona (d.1058) were judged to be the greatest (and second greatest) of all Catalonia’s heroes, beating men like Francesc Macià and Antoni Gaudí into third and eleventh place respectively. Judging by this result, the medieval past of Catalonia still looms large in the popular conscience of the modern country.

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The crown of Aragon and Europe in the 13th and 14th centuries

Stefano M. Cingolani's picture

The 13th century is the century of the Europeanization of Europe. It was a time when various monarchies expanded their borders to include those territories inhabited both by non-Christians (Muslims, Cathars and Pagans) and Christians that were not a part of the feudal and Roman Catholic system (such as the Celtic countries or the Byzantine Empire). Military conquests were not the only means of expansion. The Mediterranean was a principal route of commerce, and it was here that the three Italian maritime Republics of Genoa, Venice and Pisa fought for supremacy.

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